Study on Mutual Fund is the Better Investment Plan

mba finance projectsIn the current economic scenario interest rates are falling and fluctuation I the share market have put investors in confusion. One finds it difficult to take decision on investment. This is primarily, because of investments are risky in nature and investors have to consider various factors before investing in investment avenues.

Over the past decades mutual funds have grown intensely in popularity and have experienced a Considerable growth rate. Mutual funds are popular because they make it easy for small investors to invest their money in a diversified pool of securities. As the mutual fund industry has evolved over the years, there have arisen many questions about the nature of operations and characteristics of these funds.

Mutual funds are considered as one of the best available investments as compare to others they are very cost efficient and also easy to invest in, thus by pooling money together in a mutual fund, investors can purchase stocks or bonds with much lower trading costs than if they tried to do it on their own. But the biggest advantage to mutual funds is diversification, by minimizing risk & maximizing returns.

The study will guide the new investor who wants to invest in equity and mutual fund schemes by providing knowledge about how to measure the risk and return of particular scrip or mutual fund scheme. Mutual fund industry today is one of the most preferred investment avenues in India. Like all investment, they also carry certain risks. The investors compare the risks & expected fields after adjustment to tax on various instrument while taking investments decision.

Stock markets have been one of the major avenues for investing. Investors have been focusing their attention mostly on large capitalization stocks. They used to invest most of their money only in large capitalization stocks. But, lately it has been observed that few medium capitalization stocks have been giving returns better than large capitalization stocks.

Portfolio manager evaluates his portfolio performance and identifies the source of strength and weakness. The evaluation of portfolio provides a feed back about the performance to evolve better management strategy. Even though evaluation of portfolio performance is considered to be the last stage of investment process, it is a continuous process. The managed portfolios are commonly known as mutual funds. Various managed portfolio are prevalent in the capital market. Each shareholder participates in the gain or loss of the fund. Units are issued and can be redeemed as needed. The fund’s Net Asset value (NAV) is determined each day.

Investments in securities are spread across a wide cross-section of industries and sectors and thus the risk is reduced. Diversification reduces the risk because all stocks may not move in the same direction in the same proportion at the same time. Mutual fund issues units to the investors in accordance with quantum of money invested by them. Investors of mutual funds are known as unit holders.

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